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Thursday, 5 May 2011

Comet Elenin: Preview of a Coming Attraction

Feature: 2011-135                       May 4, 2011

Comet Elenin: Preview of a Coming Attraction

The full version of this story with accompanying images is at:

You may have heard the news: Comet Elenin is coming to the inner-solar system this
fall. Comet Elenin (also known by its astronomical name C/2010 X1), was first detected
on Dec. 10, 2010 by Leonid Elenin, an observer in Lyubertsy, Russia, who made the
discovery "remotely" using the ISON-NM observatory near Mayhill, New Mexico.  At the
time of the discovery, the comet was about 647 million kilometers (401 million miles)
from Earth. Over the past four-and-a-half months, the comet has – as comets do –
closed the distance to Earth's vicinity as it makes its way closer to perihelion (its closest
point to the sun).  As of May 4, Elenin's distance is about 274 million kilometers (170
million miles).

"That is what happens with these long-period comets that come in from way outside
our planetary system," said Don Yeomans of NASA's Near-Earth Object Program
Office at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. "They make these long,
majestic, speedy arcs through our solar system, and sometimes they put on a great
show. But not Elenin. Right now that comet looks kind of wimpy."

How does a NASA scientist define cometary wimpiness?

"We're talking about how a comet looks as it safely flies past us," said Yeomans.
"Some cometary visitors arriving from beyond the planetary region – like Hale-Bopp in
1997 -- have really lit up the night sky where you can see them easily with the naked
eye as they safely transit the inner-solar system. But Elenin is trending toward the
other end of the spectrum. You'll probably need a good pair of binoculars, clear skies,
and a dark, secluded location to see it even on its brightest night."

Comet Elenin should be at its brightest shortly before the time of its closest approach to
Earth on Oct. 16 of this year. At its closest point, it will be 35 million kilometers (22
million miles) from us. Can this icy interloper influence us from where it is, or where it
will be in the future? What about this celestial object inspiring some shifting of the
tides or even tectonic plates here on Earth? There have been some incorrect Internet
speculations that external forces could cause comet Elenin to come closer.

"Comet Elenin will not encounter any dark bodies that could perturb its orbit, nor will it
influence us in any way here on Earth," said Yeomans. "It will get no closer to Earth
than 35 million kilometers [about 22 million miles]. "

"Comet Elenin will not only be far away, it is also on the small side for comets," said
Yeomans.  "And comets are not the most densely-packed objects out there. They
usually have the density of something akin to loosely packed icy dirt.

"So you've got a modest-sized icy dirtball that is getting no closer than 35 million
kilometers," said Yeomans. "It will have an immeasurably miniscule influence on our
planet. By comparison, my subcompact automobile exerts a greater influence on the
ocean's tides than comet Elenin ever will."

Yeomans did have one final thought on comet Elenin.

"This comet may not put on a great show. Just as certainly, it will not cause any
disruptions here on Earth. But there is a cause to marvel," said Yeomans. "This intrepid
little traveler will offer astronomers a chance to study a relatively young comet that
came here from well beyond our solar system's planetary region. After a short while, it
will be headed back out again, and we will not see or hear from Elenin for thousands
of years. That's pretty cool."

 NASA detects, tracks and characterizes asteroids and comets passing relatively close
to Earth using both ground- and space-based telescopes. The Near-Earth Object
Observations Program, commonly called "Spaceguard," discovers these objects,
characterizes a subset of them, and predicts their paths to determine if any could be
potentially hazardous to our planet.

JPL manages the Near-Earth Object Program Office for NASA's Science Mission
Directorate in Washington, DC. JPL is a division of the California Institute of
Technology in Pasadena.

More information about asteroids and near-Earth objects is at: , and on Twitter: @asteroidwatch .

Good Clear Skies
Colin James Watling
Real Astronomer and head of the Comet section for LYRA (Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth Regional Astronomers) also head of K.A.G (Kessingland Astronomy Group) and Navigator (Astrogator) of the Stars (Fieldwork)
More Info:

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